Pellissippi State Community College

Master Syllabus

Mechanics and Heat (I)

PHYS 1310

 Class Hours:     3 Credit  Hours:                     4 Lab Hours:       3 Date Revised:       Fall 2011

Catalog Course Description:

A calculus-based introduction to mechanics and heat. This course covers vectors, Newton’s laws of motion, static and dynamic equilibrium of particles, work and energy, impulse and momentum,  torque and rotational equilibrium, and elasticity.  Course includes three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory applications. On Demand

Entry Level Standards: Students registering for this course must have a strong background in calculus and trigonometry.

Prerequisite: MTH 1910

Texts:  University Physics, by Harris Benson, Revised Edition

Lab Manual: Physics 2010 Lab Manual (Available Online)

I.  Week/Unit/Topic Basis:

 Week        Topics Covered in Group Activity                     Laboratory 1 Chapter 1, Introduction 1.1 What is Physics? 1.2 Concepts, Models, and Theories 1.3 Units 1.4 Power of Notations and Significant Figures 1.5 Order of Magnitude 1.6 Dimensional Analysis 1.7 Reference Frames & Coordinate Systems 2 Chapter 2, Vectors 2.1 Scalars and Vectors Group Experiment #1 2.2 Vector Addition Density Measurement 2.3 Components and Unit Vectors 2.4 Scalar (Dot) Product 2.5 Vector (Cross) Product Test 1 3 Chapter 3, One-Dimensional Kinematics 3.1 Particle Kinematics Group Experiment #2 3.2 Displacement and Velocity Addition of Vectors 3.3 Instantaneous Velocity Graphical Method 3.4 Acceleration 3.5 The Use of Areas 3.6 The Equation Kinematics for Constant Accel. 3.7 Vertical Free-fall 3.8 Terminal Speed 4 Chapter 4, Inertia and 2-D Motion 4.1 Newton's First Law Group Experiment #3 4.2 Two-dimensional Motion Addition of Vectors 4.3 Projectile Motion Forces (The Force Table) Test 2 5 Chapter 4, Continued.... 4.4 Uniform Circular Motion Group Experiment #4 4.5 Inertial Reference Frames Measurement of "g", 4.6 Relative Velocity The Acceleration of Gravity 4.7 The Galilean Transformation 4.8 Nonuniform Circular Motion 6 Chapter 5, Particle Dynamics I 5.1 Force and Mass Group Experiment #5 5.2 Newton’s Second Law Centripetal Force 5.3 Weight 5.4 Newton's Third Law 5.5 Applications of Newton's Laws 5.6 Apparent Weight Test 3 7 Chapter 6, Particle Dynamics II 6.1 Friction Group Experiment #6 6.2 Dynamics of Circular Motion Coeff. of Kinetic Friction 6.3 Satellite Orbits 8 Chapter 7, Work and Energy 7.1 Work Done by a Constant Force Group Experiment #7 7.2 Work done by a Variable Force Newton’s Second Law 7.3 Work-Energy Theorem in One Dimension 7.4 Power Test 4 9 Chapter 8, Conservation of Mechanical Energy 8.1 Potential Energy Group Experiment #8 8.2 Conservative Forces Conservation of Energy 8.3 Potential Energy and Cons. Forces 8.4 Potential Energy Function 8.5 Conservation of Mechanical Energy 8.6 Mech. Energy and Non-conservative Forces 8.9 Gravitational Potential Energy 10 Chapter 9, Linear Momentum 9.1 Linear Momentum Group Experiment #9 9.2 Conservation of Linear Momentum Conserv. of Linear Momentum 9.3 Elastic Collision in One Dimension 9.4 Impulse Test 5 11 Chapter 9, Continued... 9.5 Comparison of L. Momentum with K.E. Group Problem Session 9.6 Elastic Collision in 2-D 9.7 Rocket Propulsion 12 Chapter 10, Systems of Particles 10.1 Center of Mass Group Experiment 10 10.2 Center of Mass of Continuous Bodies Static Equilibrium of  a Particles 10.3 Motion of Center of Mass (The Crane Boom) 10.4 Kinetic Energy of a System of Particles 10.5 Work-Energy Theorem for a System of Particles 10.6 Work Done by Friction Test 6 13 Chapter 11, Rotation About a Fixed Axis 11.1 Rotational Kinematics Group Problem Session 11.2 Rotational K.E., Moment of Inertia 11.3 Moment of Inertia of Cont. Bodies 14 Chapter 11, Continued... 11.4 Conservation of Mechanical Energy Group Problem Session 11.5 Torque 11.6 Rotational Dynamics of a Rigid Body 11.7 Work and Power 15 Final Exam Period

II. Course Goals*:

 The objective of this course is to familiarize students with the principles of physics as basis for their continuation of studies in Science and Medical profession. At work sites, the graduates often need to work with equipment that work by the virtue of physics principles. Examples are traction equipment, X-ray machines, sonogram, blood pressure measurement devices, etc. The examples and problems selected for the course give the students the necessary knowledge and skills to read and analyze scientific data with proper understanding of the units involved and the type of physical quantity measured. The first few chapters lay down the foundation that is absolutely necessary to understand the physical quantities that appear in later chapters and are often seen on equipment used in medicine or industry. On this basis, after finishing this course, students will be able to: A explain Metric and American units and systems and perform various conversions between the two, (The gauges at work sites often use both types of units),(V.1 & V.3) B Describe the motion of a body and calculate the necessary parameters by using equations of motion in a practical situation,(V.1 & V.4) C Analyze force-motion relations in a practical situation ,(V.1 & V.4) D calculate the work done by a force as well as energy calculations and conversion to heat (calories),(V.1 & V.4) E explain different forms of energy and their conversion to each other as well as the Principle of Conservation of Energy in practical situations at work sites,(V.1, V.2, V.3,& V.4) F apply the laws of conservation of energy and momentum, (V.2, V.3,& V.4) G calculate the parameters involved in the motion of a rotating object such as particle separators (centrifugal separating devices),(V.2 & V.4) H apply the laws of fluid pressure and density to measure the necessary parameters in a practical situation at work, (V.1 & V.3) I make temperature measurements in different scales and convert and use them for heat and energy calculations with or without phase change,(V.3) J apply the equations for thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases, (V.3) K Describe oscillatory motion by measuring wavelength, amplitude, and the phase of motion of mechanical waves such as sound, (V.1 & V.3) L apply the knowledge of sound parameters such as frequency, wavelength, and in interpreting the signals on measurement devices in sonography and ultrasound, (V.3) M apply the conditions of static equilibrium to find the forces acting on an object in a given situation, (V.1 & V.3) and N use the concept of torque of a force to analyze the static equilibrium of a rigid body. (V.3) * Roman numerals after course goals reference the stipulated outcomes of Natural Science programs under General Education Goals.

III. Expectations for Student Performance:*

 Upon successful completion of this course, the student should be able to: 1 apply the physics concepts to theoretical and practical situations (A through K), 2 estimate an unknown parameter in a given practical situation by using the physics principles involved, (B, D, E, F, G, H, and I), 3 recognize and identify the use of equipment and machines from the units used in their gauges, (A), 4 master energy calculations to estimate energy requirement and feasibility in a given situation, (D, E, and F), 5 perform necessary conversion between Metric and non-metric units and systems (A), 6 apply the kinematics equations to describe motion, (B and C), 7 apply the kinetics equation in force-motion situations (B and C), 8 calculate the work done, energy involved, and energy conversions in a given problem (D, E, and F), 9 solve problems involving circular motion as well as torque, energy, and momentum calculations (E, F, and G), 10 solve temperature and heat problems with or without phase change, (I), 11 solve problems involving heat effect and thermal expansion in solids, fluids, & gases (J), 12 solve problems in oscillatory motion in order to find the parameters involved (K and L), 13 solve and analyze fluid pressure, air pressure, and density problems (H), 14 apply a vector approach where vector quantities are involved (M), 15 resolve a vector into two components graphically and analytically (M), and 16 apply force and torque equilibrium concepts in solving rigid-body problems (M, N, and O). * Capital  letters after Expected Student Learning Outcomes reference the course goals listed above.

IV.  Evaluation:

V. Policies:

Clicks to get to Chapters:  At www.pstcc.edu, click on

- Natural and Behavioral Sciences

- Program Areas

- Physics

- On the line for PHYS 1310 you may click on Chapters, Syllabus, Experim., etc…..

Experiments:

 1 Measurement and Density 2 Addition of Vectors (Graphical Approach) 3 Addition of Vectors ( Force Table) 4 Measurement of "g", The Acceleration of Gravity 5 Centripetal Force 6 Coefficient of Kinetic Friction 7 Newton’s Second Law 8 Conservation of Energy 9 Conservation of Linear Momentum (Collision in One Dimension) 10 Static Equilibrium (The Crane Boom)